Genesis Chapter 4
2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
- It’s important to note that God granted Adam & Even only two sons. These two sons were symbolic in that one choose to follow God wholeheartedly, not sparing the best in his flock. The other begrudgingly served God, ultimately rebelling and cutting himself off forever. Every human being has the choice to either walk in the way of Abel, or Cain.
3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord.
4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering:
5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
- The Bible makes us understand that God was pleased with two things: First, He was pleased with Abel. Second, He was pleased with Abel’s offering. So we learn from this that when sacrificing or offering to God, it’s not only the item or object being offered that pleases God, it’s also the heart of the person performing the offering.
- As a matter of fact, the Lord YAHUSHUA ha MASHIACH makes us understand that the heart is more important that the item or object being sacrifice.
1 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury. 2 And he saw also a certain poor widow casting in thither two mites. 3 And he said, Of a truth I say unto you, that this poor widow hath cast in more than they all: 4 For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had. Luke 21:1-4.
6 And the Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?
- When we sin, it is God’s desire that we confess those sins and not attempt to hide (Genesis 3:8) them from him. After Adam and Even sinned, God called out to them with a question: “Where art thou?” Genesis 3:9. Likewise, we see that after Cain sinned, God also asked Cain a question: “Where is Abel thy brother?” Genesis 4:9. Did God ask Adam, Eve, and Cain these questions because He did not know? Surely not. He was asking to give them a chance to repent and confess their sin. It is like a parent who observes a child doing wrong and then asking the child a question to see if he or she will confess to the wrong doing. God wants us to quickly confess our sins and repent when He convicts us with His Spirit, it is not always His desire to bring us to repentance through judgement or punishment.
31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. 32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. 1 Corinthians 11:31.
37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! 38 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. 39 For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Matthew 23:37-39.
7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
Relating to verse 5, we see that God was not pleased with Cain’s heart, hence why his offering was not acceptable / pleasing to God.
Almighty God warns about sin. A man or woman becomes a slave to sin when they give in to sinful temptation. In the last part of the verse sin is referred to as ‘him’. Who is this ‘him’? The devil. It was the devil that tempted Adam and Even to sin and it is the same devil that tempted Cain to kill Abel. As the Lord YAHUSHUA ha MASIACH has taught us in John 8:44:
44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. John 8:44.
15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. James 1:15.
We are to rule over sin, because to be overcome by sin is to become a slave to sin.
While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. 2 Peter 2:19.
8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
9 And the Lord said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s keeper?
10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.
11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand;
12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
13 And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear.
14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
15 And the Lord said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
16 And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.
18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.
19 And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.
21 And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.
22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.
23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.
24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.
26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord.